Tag Archives: KansasTerritory

This Old House #3 ~ Marshall Anderson Hayes 1848-1885

Once again I was searching through my family trees and I noticed that there were quite a few photos of the homes that my ancestors had lived in. Some of them were built way back in the early 1600s. They varied in size, style, and construction material. They are all as equally unique as each of my ancestors!

Marshall Anderson Hayes, my paternal second cousin, was born in 1848, in Claiborne County, Tennessee. His family moved to Jackson County , Missouri when he was 12 years old. In 1873, he and his new wife moved to Medicine Lodge, Barber County, Kansas. After securing a 160 acre claim by the Medicine Lodge River, he then built this house. This two-story house had 4 bedrooms and an inside kitchen. It was built in anticipation of the newlyweds having a lot of children. They each had come from very large families.

On February 8, 1885, Marshall was coming home from town. He had to cross the Medicine Lodge River and it had been cold and snowing for 2 days. He and his horse began crossing in the lowest point in the river when the horse lost his footing and threw Marshall off his back, into the icy, freezing river. The horse continued back to the homestead, but Marshall’s body wasn’t found for 2 days. He left behind his pregnant wife and 2-year-old son, Sterling. Mary Etta lived in this house until she died in 1910.

I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Amazon.com: Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.

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Filed under Ancestry, Cousins, Family History, Family Search, Genealogy, Hayes Family, Kansas Territory, This Old House

Sunday’s Salute ~ Mathew Arvin Register ~ Civil War

Mathew A. RegisterMathew Arvin Register, my 2nd great-grandfather, was born in February of 1832 in Bladen County, North Carolina, the oldest child of Francis and Sarah (Johnson) Register. Sometime before 1850 the Register’s packed up their belongings, loaded them in covered wagons pulled by oxen, and headed for Missouri. It took several months of traveling, but they finally reached the St. Joseph area.

In 1850, at the age of 18, Mathew met and married Elisia Jane White, and over the next 11 years, they had 5 children. By 1855 they moved to Kansas along with Mathew’s 2 younger brothers. 6 years later the CivilNathaniel Lyon 2 War broke out. Mathew and his brothers, Owen and Simon joined the Union Army in July 1861. They mustered into the Army of the West (2nd Kansas Infantry) which was led by Gen. Nathaniel Lyon. Almost immediately they found themselves at Wilson’s Creek located south of Springfield, Missouri along with about 6,000 Union soldiers. The Missouri State Guard was located 75 miles southwest of Lyon and under the command of Maj. Gen. Sterling Price met with troops under Brig. Gen. Benjamin McCulloch near the end of July. The combined Confederate forces numbered about 12,000, and they formed plans to attack Springfield and marched northeast on July 31.

The armies met at dawn a few miles southwest of Springfield on the morning of August 10 in the Battle of Wilson’s Creek. Lyon was wounded twice during the fighting. He was shot in the head and in the leg and then his horse was shot out from under him. He returned to the Union lines and commandeered a bay horse ridden by Maj. E.L. McElhaney of the Missouri Infantry. Lyon, badly outnumbered by Confederate forces, then dramatically led a counter charge of the 2nd Kansas Infantry on Bloody Hill, where he was shot in the heart at about 9:30 am. Although the Union Army was defeated at Wilson’s Creek, Lyon’s quick action neutralized the effectiveness of pro-Southern forces in Missouri, allowing Union forces to secure the state. Owen was captured by the Confederates during this battle. The rebels sometimes made their prisoners fight with them. Because of this Mathew and Simon were always afraid of accidentally shooting Owen during one of the skirmishes.

The brothers continued in this regiment until it mustered out of service and changed to the 2nd Kansas Cavalry on October 31, 1861, under Colonel Robert Byington Mitchell. In the new company, they continued to participate in many skirmishes all over Kansas and Missouri.

Mathew and Owen PayrollOctober 9, 1864, they enlisted in Company E, 19th Regiment Kansas Militia Infantry. It was commanded by Maj. Gen. James Blunt. In this troop, they participated in the Battles of Byram’s Ford and Westport. Mathew and Simon mustered out on October 28, 1864, when the unit disbanded, and they returned home. At the end of the war, Owen was released. Thankfully all three of the brothers had survived the war. While he was a prisoner of the Confederates, Owens’ fingers froze and all of his fingers and thumbs had to be amputated at the first joint.

 

Owen had married Minerva White, the sister of Mathews’ wife Elisia and they had 7 children. The family continued to live in Kansas and he died in 1892 at the age of 57.

Simon never married, and he died in 1901 in Leavenworth, Kansas at the age of 55.

Matthew moved his family which had grown to 12 children, to Dover, Lafayette County, Missouri. He died on 23 June 1913 at the age of 80.

 

I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Amazon.com: Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.

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Filed under Ancestry, Civil War, Family History, Family Search, Genealogy, Kansas Territory, Military Service, Register Family, Sunday Salute, Uncategorized

Here’s Your Sign #9 ~ Medicine Lodge, Barber County, Kansas

For many years I have been collecting photos of and information about the various signs that have been placed in honor of some of my ancestors. These signs are a glimpse into some event and/or place where they lived. Some of the signs are small like a placard with a few poignant words, some are large, and they go into great detail, and then there are those that are somewhere in between. Each one gives added life to those ancestors.

 

Medicine Lodge KS

 

In 1867, the 5 Indian tribes of this area came to Medicine Lodge to sign a peace treaty with the government. My paternal 1st cousin 5x removed settled in this town in 1880. He moved here from Van Buren, Jackson County, Missouri along with his wife, Celia, their 4 sons, and 3 daughters.

 

I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Amazon.com: Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.

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Filed under Ancestry, Family History, Family Search, Genealogy, Hayes Family, Here's Your Sign, History, Kansas Territory, Uncategorized

Hometown Tuesday ~ Leavenworth, Kansas

hometown tuesday Leavenworth, Kansas was first settled as Fort Leavenworth in 1827 on the west side of the Missouri River by Colonel Henry H. Leavenworth. The purpose was to protect travelers from Indians on the Santa Fe and Oregon trail and to protect the flourishing fur trade. The town was organized and laid out in 1854. The following year Leavenworth became the first incorporated community in the Kansas Territory.

Kansas territory 1861

By 1857 it was a prosperous supply base for the settlements of the West. It has held many important purposes over its history, such as being the Headquarters of the Upper Missouri Indian Agency, and an operations base during the Mexican War. It was also important during the Civil War, so much so that the Confederate Sterling Price targeted it during a raid in 1864. It also had a federal military prison and later a Federal Penitentiary in 1895. 

This area of the country was a place of great controversy during the Civil War. It was a Popular Sovereignty State which was a pre-Civil War doctrine asserting the right of the people living in a newly organized territory to decide by vote of their territorial legislature whether or not slavery would be permitted there. All the other states made this decision by allowing the existing government vote without citizen input. During the war, thousands of recruits were recruited and mustered out from Camp Lincoln at Fort Leavenworth. Between 1861 and 1865, the regular army formed the foundation on which volunteer forces were built. Railroads stretching towards the west came under increasing attack by the Plains Indians. Because the western posts were undermanned, Confederate prisoners were called upon to help fight the hostile Indians. Five of these regiments were outfitted at Fort Leavenworth.

Elvira Register Hayes sm

This is the Leavenworth that my 2x Great Grandmother was born into. Elvira Register was born on March 31, 1861, to Mathew and Elisia (White) Register. She was the 5th of 12 children. Her parents, along with her 2 paternal uncles and their families moved from St. Joseph, Missouri to Kansas in 1855. They had established themselves as farmers and were very prosperous. At the beginning of the Civil War on April 12, 1861, Elvira’s father and uncles joined the Union Army and went back to Missouri to engage in the fighting. This left her mother alone at home with 5 children aged 8 (twins), 2, 1 and 1 month. I am sure having her sisters-in-law’s were a small comfort for Elisia.

After the war, the Register’s remained in Leavenworth until 1873 when Mathew moved his family to the Cherokee Indian Reservation in Oklahoma to run a trading post. What an exciting life it must have been for a young girl to see and experience the growth of the Kansas territory. She could watch the hoards of pioneers stopping to buy supplies on their way west. It is said that Elvira had a great sense of humor and curiosity like no other her entire life. I believe it was developed during these early years of living in such a grand place.

 

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I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Amazon.com: Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.

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Filed under Ancestry, Civil War, Family History, Family Search, Genealogy, Hayes Family, Holidays, Hometown Tuesday, Kansas Territory, Personal Stories, Register Family, Uncategorized