Sunday’s Salute #45 ~ Benjamin Kimball ~ King Philips War

Seal of Bradford, Essex County, Massachusetts Colony

Benjamin Kimball, my maternal 8th Great Uncle, was born in 1637 in Watertown, Middlesex County, Colonial Massachusetts, the youngest of 10 children born to immigrants, Richard Kimball (1595-1675) and Ursula Scott (1596-1661). He married Mercy Hazeltine (1642-1707) on April 16, 1661. On May 12, 1663, they moved to Rowley, Massachusetts, where they bought land. At this time Rowley included within its limits the present Bradford, Georgetown, and Groveland. His land was in what is now known as Bradford. On Nov. 23, 1667, he bought several tracts of land, among them was land that he gave to his older brother, Thomas Kimball. Thomas was killed by an Indian on May 3, 1676, during one of the raids on the town of Bradford during the King Philip’s War. His wife and 5 children were captured and taken prisoner, however, they were returned to the town on June 11, 1676. On Feb. 20, 1668, at the first town meeting in Bradford, Benjamin was chosen an overseer of the town. He served in this capacity until March 15, 1674. On Jan. 6, 1675, he and his wife Mercy, sold forty acres of land to the inhabitants of that town for the use of the minister.

Samuel Appleton

In 1668, Samuel Appleton was chosen to serve as a deputy to the Massachusetts General Court and received the title of Lieutenant. He served in the company of his brother, Captain John Appleton, from 1669 to 1671. He then served by himself from 1673 to 1675. In 1675, King Philip’s War broke out and Appleton was promoted to Captain. On September 24, 1675, Appleton received a commission to command a foot company of 100 men which included the two Kimball brothers. (Benjamin was “cornet” of troops and was known as “Cornet Kimball.”). He proceeded to the Connecticut River Valley, where Captain Thomas Lathrop’s Company had been destroyed on September 18.

On October 4, Major John Pynchon resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the militia headquarters in Hadley and Appleton was chosen to succeed him. Not knowing where the next attack would come from, Appleton divided his army among three towns. He stationed a force in Northampton under the command of Lieutenant Nathaniel Sealy. This group was supplemented by troops under the command of Robert Treat of Connecticut. A second group, under the command of Captains Jonathan Poole and Samuel Moseley, was stationed in Hatfield. Appleton himself commanded the third force, which was stationed in Hadley.

At noon on October 19, several fires were spotted north of Hadley. Captain Moseley sent out a scouting party of ten men who were ambushed two miles outside of the garrison. Six of the men were killed and three were captured. Moseley sent to Hadley and Northampton for reinforcements. Appleton and most of his men crossed the river and joined Moseley. Around 4 pm, a large band of Native American warriors charged the settlement. Appleton defended one side of the town, Captain Poole defended the other, and Captain Moseley defended the middle. Appleton’s sergeant was killed by his side and Appleton just missed getting shot as a bullet went through his hat. After two hours the warriors retreated in confusion. The battle at Hatfield was the Native Americans’ first real setback of the war and a turning point for the English colonists, as it proved that the Native Americans could be repelled if the militia was prepared.

In November 1675, the commissioners of the United Colonies of New England had evidence that the neutral Narragansett tribe was assisting Metacomet. They chose to launch a preemptive strike on the Narragansett. On December 8, 527 members of the Massachusetts militia, led by Appleton, gathered in Dedham, Massachusetts. Plymouth Colony gathered 159 men under the command of William Bradford and Connecticut moved 300 men under the command of Robert Treat, along with 150 Mohegan warriors. Governor Josiah Winslow of Plymouth Colony was named Commander-in-Chief. On December 19, 1675, the Narragansett fort was captured in the Great Swamp Fight. 110 of Appleton’s men were either killed or wounded in the battle. Afterwards, Appleton and his remaining men returned to Boston, and he retired from active service.

Benjamin returned home to Bradford, and he continued his life as a wheelwright, carpenter, and a farmer. They raised 6 children. In 1690, he built a large 3-story house for his family. The house still stands on the junction of Salem Street and Main in Bradford. Benjamin died on June 16, 1696, and he is buried in the Bradford Cemetery.

I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have written two books “Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time” and “Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip”, both available on Amazon. You can also connect with me on Facebook and Twitter @VHughesAuthor.

Sunday Salute ~ Josiah Winslow ~ King Philips War

josiah Winslow paintingJosiah Winslow, my 10th great-uncle, was born on May 22, 1629, in Plymouth Massachusetts Colony to Edward and Susanna (Jackson White) Winslow. Both of his parents came to Plymouth aboard the Mayflower. Both of his parents lost their spouses during the first winter in Plymouth and married on May 12, 1621. Josiah had several half-siblings as a result. He married Penelope Pelham (1633-1703) in 1651 in Marshfield and had the following children, Elizabeth Winslow 1663-1738 and Isaac Winslow 1671-1735.

Josiah was educated at Harvard in Cambridge Massachusetts. He then became the assistant Governor of Plymouth Colony from 1657 to 1673. In 1656 he succeeded Myles Standish as commander of the colony’s military forces. He also served as Plymouth’s Commissioner to the New England Confederation from1658 to 1972. He became Governor of Plymouth in1673 and served until his death earning accolades for establishing America’s. first public school.

In 1675 and 1676 Winslow was a military commander during the action against Native Americans known as King Philip’s War. As governor, he signed the colony’s declaration of war and also issued a famous statement denying the Indians had a legitimate grievance against white settlers in New England “because the Pilgrims had honestly bought their land.”

Massasoit, the leader of the Wampanoag. had maintained a long-standing alliance withKPW Soldiers top the colonists. Metacom was his younger son, and he became tribal chief in 1662 after Massasoit’s death. Metacom, however, did not maintain his father’s alliance between the Wampanoags and the colonists. The colonists insisted that the peace agreement in 1671 should include the surrender of Indian guns; then three Wampanoags were hanged for murder in Plymouth Colony in 1675 which increased the tensions. Indian raiding parties attacked homesteads and villages throughout Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Maine over the next six months, and the Colonial militia retaliated. The Narragansetts remained neutral, but several individual Narragansetts participated in raids of colonial strongholds and militia, so colonial leaders deemed them to be in violation of peace treaties. The colonies assembled the largest army that New England had yet mustered, consisting of 1,000 militia and 150 Indian allies, and Governor Josiah Winslow marshaled them to attack the Narragansetts in November 1675. They attacked and burned Indian villages throughout Rhode Island territory, culminating with the attack on the Narragansetts’ main fort in the Great Swamp Fight. An estimated 600 Narragansetts were killed, many of them women and children, and the Indian coalition was then taken over by Narragansett chief Canochet. They pushed back the colonial frontier in Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Rhode Island colonies, burning towns as they went, including the town of Providence in March 1676. However, the colonial militia overwhelmed the Indian coalition, and, by the end of the war, the Wampanoags and their Narragansett allies were almost completely destroyed. On August 12, 1676, Metacom fled to Mount Hope where he was killed by the militia.

Old Winslow burial Grounds signJosiah Winslow died on December 18, 1680, in Plymouth and is buried in the Winslow Burial Grounds there.



I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.





Sunday Salute ~ Military Binders

moving boxesWhen we moved into our new home we had to do it all in one day. Our Son and daughter and their families only had one day off together to help us. So with 5 adults and 6 teenagers, we divided and conquered! Or so I thought. I was very careful to separate and mark the boxes so they could be placed in their perspective places and we got things done in record time. Or so I thought. I took my time unpacking and when I was finished my first priority was to start blogging and clavesresearching again. I kept thinking something was missing but I couldn’t for the life of me remember what it was. A couple of weeks ago my youngest grandson asked me about my claves (Percussion sticks). He wanted to use them for a project at school. I had no idea where they were. I went out to our shed and started searching and I came upon a box marked “Genealogy”. It was then that I remembered what had been missing.

book 1About 8 years ago I decided to put together some binders for those who served in one of the many wars the United States has been in. I was surprised to find ancestors who fought in almost every one since King Philips War in 1675-1678. So, I researched as many as I could and made binders for them, including documents, information on the war they fought in, stories about the battles they engaged in and a cover sheet that showed how the soldier was related to me. I had forgotten about them and to say I was excited to find them is an understatement.

My grandson reminded me that he took 3 of them to school in 5th grade when they were studying the Revolutionary War. The teacher used them to help the children learn about the individual soldier, his life and the service he provided to our country. They were a big hit.

I am posting some photos of the binders so you can get an idea of what they look like. I have discovered more ancestors who fought in a war so I will be spending time putting more together. I wonder how many I will have when I’m done?

20200321_124408    book 2  20200321_123631


I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.