Martin Finter, my 5x Great Grandfather was a first-generation Colonial. His parents Hans Michel and Anna Christiana (Eyrich) Finter immigrated from Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany in 1737. They arrived in Philadelphia then migrated to York, Pennsylvania before 1740. Martin was born on February 10, 1740, in York. He married Elizabeth Rothgab (1736-1835) in 1758.
They moved their growing family to the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. They had 3 daughters and 1 son. When the Revolutionary War began Martin joined the fight along with over 3000 other German-Americans. He joined the Virginia Militia. On October 7, 1780, he participated in the Battle of Kings Mountain. It was a military engagement between Patriot and Loyalist militias in South Carolina during the Southern Campaign of the American Revolutionary War, resulting in a decisive victory for the Patriots.
From August 2 to October 5, 1781, he served under the command of Colonel Elias Edmundson of General Stephen’s Brigade. They had many minor skirmishes with the British troops there in Yorktown. General George Washington arrived with reinforcements in mid-September. On October 9 after digging their own trenches about 800 yards from the British they started a week-long artillery assault on the enemy. Then on October 14, Alexander Hamilton led a surprise nighttime attack against the British forces. These two assaults wreaked havoc on the enemy. Finally on October 17 after a failed attempt at a nighttime sea evacuation, the British sent forward a red-coated drummer boy followed by an officer waving a white handkerchief, All the guns fell silent as Cornwallis surrendered, and the War was won!
Martin returned home to the Shenandoah Valley and his family, He was granted 300 acres of land for his service, and like most people in the area, he began to grow tobacco. Martin began receiving a pension for his service to the country in 1831, He died in 1833 at the age of 93. His wife, Elizabeth continued to receive his pension until her death in 1835 at the age of 99.
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