A mere 29 years after the end of the Revolutionary war the United States again entered into a war with the British. The French under Napoleon had engaged in a war with Britain. As a result, the British enforced a naval blockade to choke off neutral trade to France. This was something the Americans contested as being illegal under international law as they did a lot of trade with the French. The British also began supplying arms to American Indians so they could raid the settlers on the frontier, trying to hinder their westward expansion and this caused a lot of resentment of the British. On June 18, 1812, President James Madison signed into law the American declaration of war. Most of the war was fought on the United States and Canadian borders although there were battles taking place in diverse places throughout the United States. Soldiers were called up from all over the country to help in the war.
Thomas Allen, my 4x Great Grandfather, was born on June 2, 1768, in Frederick Co, Virginia. He was the first son born to Colonel Richard Allen, a patriot of the Revolutionary War and his wife Nancy Lindsay. In 1770 his family moved to Wilkes, Surry Co, North Carolina. Thomas was only 15 years old when this war ended and although he wanted to fight he had to stay home to help his mother and help care for his 4 younger siblings. On October 1, 1796, Thomas married Permelia “Milly” Loving (1774-1866). They had 12 children, the first two died at birth. In about 1805 the family moved to Bedford, Tennessee. This is where they lived when the War of 1812 broke out.
Thomas, at the age of 44, joined the 1st Regiment (Napier’s) West Tennessee Militia Under the command of Captain John Chisholm. He enlisted as a private. As part of General Thomas Johnson’s brigade, this regiment mustered in at Fayetteville and marched to Huntsville, then Ft. Deposit, Fort Strother, and Fort Williams. While some detachments participated in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (27 March 1814), others stayed at Fort Williams on guard duty. Many of the men then marched to the Hickory Ground (near present-day Montgomery, Alabama) where Jackson anticipated another battle with the Creeks, but the defeat at Horseshoe Bend had been decisive and the Tennesseans faced no further massed resistance. The regiment numbered about 500 men. Once Napoleon abdicated his throne there was no longer any reason to cut off the trade with France. This started the end of the war.
At the end of the war, Thomas returned home and continued to farm and they had the last two of their children. In 1819 Thomas bought 80 acres of land in Moniteau Co, Missouri and moved his large family there. Missouri did not become a State until 1821 so this was still part of the frontier. It was a good life as they built their home and farmed the rick land. When their older children began to get married and have their own families, they all stayed close to home. On August 7, 1843, he died at the age of 75.
I am a professional genealogist, writer, photographer, wife, mother, and grandma. I have two books available on Amazon.com: Your Family History: Doing It Right the First Time and Planning Your Genealogy Research Trip. You can also connect with me via Facebook or Twitter.